One of the most important documents for skilled immigration in Canada is Educational Credential Assessment (ECA).
This document is used to verify that the foreign degrees, diplomas, and certificates have a valid Canadian equivalent and the applicant is thus qualified for immigration. ECAs are not needed if the applicant already has Canadian credentials in education.
World Education Society (WES) who is authorized by the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has introduced minor changes in mandatory submission of ECA.
As of November 2020, those who have a PhD do not need to submit a bachelor’s degree or master’s degree to be assessed. The same goes for those who have a master’s degree, or a bachelor’s degree.
The instructions are a little different for those who went to school in a francophone country, and there may be some outliers who will have to send in additional credentials.
Translations are not required for documents submitted in French. Most documents submitted in other languages will have to be translated, however there may be some exceptions depending on which documents WES requires.
Take this free assessment to determine your eligibility.
Will It Affect Express Entry?
Express Entry has been the most preferred choice for foreign skilled immigration since its inception in 2015.
Express Entry is a database for managing applications under three immigration programs: the Federal Skilled Workers Program, the Canada Experience Class, and the Federal Skills Trades Program.
All the profiles registered in the Express Entry pool are ranked against each other under the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) based on human capital factors like age, work experience, language proficiency in English or French & education.
People who apply for Canadian immigration through the Express Entry system may need an ECA if they had graduated from a foreign country for two important reasons:
- To qualify for the Federal Skilled Workers Program, or
- To earn Comprehensive Ranking System points for foreign education.
Additional points may be awarded to Express Entry candidates who are applying with a spouse or common-law partner if their partner also gets an ECA for their foreign credentials.
The validity of ECAs obtained for immigration purposes will remain active for not more than five years.
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